Opium tincture 1%

This medication is used to treat diarrhea. It helps to decrease the number and frequency of bowel movements. It works by slowing the movement of the intestines. Opium belongs to a class of drugs known as narcotic pain relievers, but this medication acts mainly to slow the gut.

This medication may cause withdrawal reactions, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in high doses. In such cases, withdrawal symptoms (such as sweating, nausea, vomiting, restlessness) may occur if you suddenly stop using this medication. To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Though it helps many people, this medication may sometimes cause addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Do not increase your dose, take it more often, or use it for a longer time than prescribed.

Side Effects

Nausea, vomiting, lightheadedness, dizziness, drowsiness, or constipation may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: slow/shallow breathing, fainting, vision changes, mental/mood changes.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: severe stomach/abdominal pain, painful/difficult urination, seizures.

if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat.

Precautions

Before taking tincture of opium, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other narcotics (e.g., codeine, morphine), or to papaverine; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

brain disorders (e.g., seizures, head injury, tumor, increased intracranial pressure), heart problems (e.g., irregular heartbeat), lung diseases (e.g., asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), stomach/intestinal bleeding, disease of the pancreas (pancreatitis), mental/mood disorders ,a certain spinal problem, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, liver disease ,adrenal gland problem ,difficulty urinating (e.g., due to enlarged prostate), underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), personal or family history of a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol).

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or if you plan to become pregnant. It may slightly increase the risk of birth defects if used during the first two months of pregnancy. Also, using it for a long time or in high doses near the expected delivery date may harm the unborn baby. To lessen the risk, take the smallest effective dose for the shortest possible time.

This drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: cimetidine, MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, safinamide, selegiline, tranylcypromine).

certain antihistamines (e.g., diphenhydramine), medicine for sleep or anxiety (e.g., alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers (e.g., codeine), psychiatric medicines (e.g., chlorpromazine, risperidone, amitriptyline, trazodone).

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip themissed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule.Do not double the dose to catch up.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) away from light and moisture.

Keep all medicines away from the reach of children.